What is Botox?
Botox is a muscle relaxant, which blocks the nerve impulses to any muscle and inhibits excessive contractions. It is derived from a bacteria, Clostridium botulinum.
What is the use of Botox in cosmetic medicine?
In modern cosmetic medicine, Botox injections is a safe anti-aging treatment modality. With advancing age, frequent muscle contractions leaves creases on the skin. This leads to prominent lines during facial expression, portraying your age.
Very low doses of Botox injection is used to relax the muscles on face and neck. This leaves the skin smoother and softens the wrinkles giving a young looking skin.
Botox is used for:
- Forehead lines
- Frown lines (lines in between eyebrows)
- Crow’s feet (lines around eyes)
- Bunny lines (lines on nose)
- Lines along corner of the mouth
- Neck Bands
- Décolleté lines
- Non-surgical eyebrow lift
- Hyperhidrosis (Excessive sweating, especially axilla)
What does the procedure involve?
It is a very simple office-based procedure. First, the doctor will assess your facial lines and decide on the treatment plan. The injections do not require any local anesthesia as it is a less painful procedure. Sometimes using ice packs before the injection is useful.
The number of injections required will depend on each person and the severity of the wrinkles. The injection is usually intradermal or intramuscular depending on the site of the injection.
You will start noticing results within 3-5 days and the complete results are noticed at 7th day. You can get back to the doctor if you require any further injections.
The results will last for 5-6months, after which the muscle will again regain the capacity to contract and produce lines. However, for some patients the results may last up to a year. You can have regular injections at the end of the 6th month or when the lines become visible.
What are the possible side effects of the Botox?
Immediate side effects includes, mild pain while injecting, redness and bruising after the injections which usually settles with few hours to few days. Other side effects are nausea, flu-like symptoms, and headache.
Rarely, if the Botox penetrates into the muscles on the eyelid, it can result in eyelid drooping which usually resolves with 3-4 weeks. Eye drops will be useful to treat the symptoms of eyelid droop.
Sometimes eyebrow drooping can also occur which can be corrected with a mild botox injection at the tail of the eyebrow. If left untreated it improves within 2-4weeks.
Disclaimer : Results may vary person to person